Fact sheet: Tax on plastic bags
The extensive use of plastic carrier bags is a serious environmental problem. The yearly consumption of plastic carrier bags in EU is nearly 100 billion, and 92% are single-use bags. The extensive use of mainly oil-based plastic bags is a waste of resources and an environmental challenge. Around 3% of the marine litter in Europe is “shopping bags including pieces”.
The main purpose of the Danish plastic bag tax, introduced in 1994, was to reduce the use of plastic carrier bags and to prevent waste production. Household waste is incinerated – if not recylcled. Therefore, the rate of plastic bags littered in the Danish nature is low.