Advisory Committee

Green Budget Europe’s advisory committee performs a vitally important function in aiding team members in their work, typically on issue-specific information, country-specific data, or a combination of both.

The advisory committee includes serving and former government officials, current and past academic experts on environmental fiscal reform as well as member state experts.

Paul EKINS (UK), University College London, Chairman of GBE Advisory Committee
Paul Ekins IIPaul Ekins has a Ph.D. in economics from the University of London and is Professor of Resources and Environmental Policy and Director of the UCL Institute for Sustainable Resources at University College London. He is also Deputy Director of the UK Energy Research Centre, and is the Co-Director in charge of its Energy Resources theme. He was a Member of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution from 2002-2008, and has extensive experience in consulting for business, government and international organisations. His book Economic Growth and Environmental Sustainability: the Prospects for Green Growth appeared in 2000. In the UK New Year’s Honours List for 2015 he received an OBE (Officer of the Order of the British Empire) for services to environmental policy.
Kai SCHLEGELMILCH (DE), Founder and President of Green Budget Germany, Vice-Chair of GBE Advisory Committee

Kai Schlegelmilch is Founder and Vice Chair of the Advisory Committee of Green Budget Europe, and Founder and President of Green Budget Germany. After his diploma in political economics in 1993, he worked for the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, the European Environment Agency, the Parliamentarian Prof. Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker and in the German Parliament. He has been working for the Federal Ministry for the Environment Ministry in Germany since 1999. Kai has extensive experience in environmental fiscal reform (EFR) and  other energy and climate policies, having contributed to the German EU Presidency in 2007 as well as advised and trained several Asian Governments on EFR while leading numerous European projects on developing countries.

Mikael Skou ANDERSEN (DK), Aarhus University
Mikael Skou Andersen of Aarhus University is a Danish academic in the field of comparative environmental politics and economics, with a track record of research on environmental taxation in particular. He has been a member of the Danish government’s advisory committee on CO2 taxation, and has been an advisor on environmental taxation issues more generally to OECD Directorates on public management, agriculture and environment respectively. He also contributed to the China Council for International Cooperation and Development, CCICED, task-force on economic instruments for energy efficiency prior to COP15. Furthermore, he is member of the Scientific Committee of the European Environment Agency (EEA), a body of the European Union.
Carlo CARRARO (IT), Ca’ Foscari University of Venice
Carlo Carraro is professor of Environmental Economics at Ca’ Foscari University of Venice. He holds a Ph.D. from Princeton University and was President of the University of Venice from 2009 to 2014. In 2008 and 2015, he was elected Vice-Chair of the Working Group III and Member of the Bureau of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). He is also Scientific Director of the Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, Executive Board Member of the Euro Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change (CMCC), and Director of the International Centre for Climate Governance (ICCG), President-elect of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EAERE), Co-Chair of the Green Growth Knowledge Platform Advisory Board and the Editor of the Review of Environmental Economics and Policy.
Rae Kwon CHUNG (KO), Climate Change Ambassador, Republic of Korea

Rae Kwon Chung currently holds the position of Climate Change Ambassador for the Republic of Korea. Formerly Director of the Environment and Sustainable Development Division of the UN’s Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), he has also served as the Director General for the International Economic Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Republic of Korea, as well as the Deputy Director General for Environmental Cooperation. Ambassador Chung has been involved in Agenda 21 and UN climate change conventions. Prior to this, he was the Counselor for the Korean Mission to the United Nations in New York and to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in Paris. He received his MA in Foreign Service from Georgetown University, USA and a BA in economics from Sungkyunkwan University, Korea.

Edoardo CROCI (IT), Bocconi University
Edoardo Croci HDEdoardo Croci holds the position of Research Director of IEFE, the research center of economics and policy of energy and environment at Bocconi University, Milan, where he teaches “Carbon Markets and carbon management”. His main research area is related to environmental and climate policy at the urban level; he also contributed to the World Bank report “Cities and Climate Change: Responding to an urgent agenda”. Edoardo Croci served as Milan City Deputy Major for Mobility, Transport and Environment; the environmental and climate policies and measures he introduced have been acknowledged as “best practices” in several official reports by the OECD, the World Bank, UN-Habitat. His positions also included President of the Agency for the Protection of the Environment of Lombardy Region, Vice-president of FEDARENE (European Federation of Regional Energy and Environment Agency).
João Joanaz DE MELO (PT), Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Joao de Melo (pic)João Joanaz de Melo holds a PhD in Environmental Engineering from the New University of Lisbon (UNL). He is an Assistant Professor at the School of Science and Technology (FCT-UNL) and senior researcher at the Center for Environmental and Sustainability Research (CENSE). Among other positions, he worked at the Directorate-General for Environmental Quality (DGQA) and was a visiting scholar at the University of Texas, Austin, USA. He has conducted teaching, research and consultancy on ecodesign, impact assessment, energy efficiency, sustainability and economic instruments for environment, and supervised applied research involving over 200 partnerships with business. He authored the popular science book “What is Ecology” and 214 scientific papers (85 international). He co-founded GEOTA, working as a voluntary, serving as president and coordinating the fiscal reform work group.

Louise DUNNE (IE), University College Dublin
Dr Louise Dunne works at University College Dublin and was educated at Trinity College Dublin (BA Psychology) and University College Dublin (MSc Environmental Resource Management, PhD Environmental Policy). Prior to working at UCD she worked in publishing in San Francisco and New York. Past research has included: Environmental Indicators for the Urban Environment in Ireland; The Origin and Significance of Mushroom Stones in Lowland Karst regions in Ireland; Economic and Environmental Implications of the use of Environmental Taxes and Charges in the EU and its Member States; and Green Jobs in Dublin. More recent work has been on waste and carbon taxes, with emphasis on public acceptability.
David GEE (UK), Institute of Environment, Health and Societies, Brunel University, London
David GeeDavid GEE graduated in economics and politics and since 1974 has been working at the interface of science and policy-making, within occupational and environmental health, for trade unions, NGOs, and governmental organisations. He is a former Director of Friends of the Earth, in the UK. Between 1995-2012 he worked at the European Environment Agency, latterly as Senior Adviser on Science, Policy and Emerging Issues. Among many other projects eg on eco-tax reform and eco-efficiency, David has been the catalyst, EEA editor and a chapters author for the two volumes of Late lessons from early warnings published by the EEA (2001 and 2013). He is now Visiting Fellow at the Institute of Environment, Health, and Societies, Brunel University, London.
Ion KARAGOUNIS (CH), WWF Switzerland

At present Programme director at WWF Switzerland, Ion Karagounis studied natural sciences at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich and has a MBA degree from the University of St. Gallen. In 2000 he established the Swiss foundation for environmental management Pusch and was its director until 2012. There he was mainly engaged in the improvement of the legal and financial framework for the environmental protection.

Valdur LAHTVEE (EE), Stockholm Environment Institute
Valdur Lahtvee, former MP and former Director of Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre, has graduated as Dipl. Engineer on Forestry and worked for more than 30 years on environment protection as legislator, law enforcer, manager of non-governmental organizations and think-tanks, consultant and researcher and senior civil servant within the Estonian Ministry of Environment. He has carried out numerous research projects as well as practical implementation of integration of sustainability and environment considerations into the sector policies at national and European level. When serving as Chairman of the Coalition Clean Baltic, CCB at his leadership was awarded prestigious Nordic Council’s Environmental Prize in 2004. He has published more than 40 scientific and popular articles on sustainable consumption and production, environment management and use of fiscal instruments for sustainable development.
Hans MAYRHOFER (AT), Ökosoziales Forum

Hans Mayrhofer is Secretary-General at Ecosocial Forum Europe, a think-tank and non-profit organization based in Austria and devoted to promoting economic, ecological and social sustainability at the national and European level. He previously served as a staff member for the Austrian Federal Minister Nikolaus Berlakovich, who was responsible for Agriculture and Rural Development, and Environment and Water Management. Prior to his experience within the Austrian Ministry of Agriculture, he was Project Coordinator and Office Manager at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences in Vienna, as well as Policy Officer at the Lower Austrian Farmers’ Federation.

Janet MILNE (US), Vermont Law School
Janet MilneJanet E. Milne is Professor of Law and Director of the Environmental Tax Policy Institute at Vermont Law School, USA, where she has taught environmental taxation since 1994. She is the editor, with Mikael Skou Andersen, of the Handbook of Research on Environmental Taxation (Edward Elgar 2012), a co-editor of the book series, Critical Issues in Environmental Taxation, and a member of the steering committee for the Global Conferences on Environmental Taxation. Before joining the law faculty, Janet was tax legislative assistant to US Senator Lloyd Bentsen, Chairman of the US Senate Committee on Finance; practiced law at Covington & Burling in Washington, DC; and clerked from Frank Coffin, Chief Judge of the US Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. She is a graduate of Georgetown University Law Center and Williams College.
Helen MOUNTFORD (US), World Resource Institute
Helen Mountford - photoHelen Mountford is the Program Director for the New Climate Economy project and Director of Economics at the World Resources Institute (WRI). Prior to joining WRI in May 2014, she was Deputy Director of Environment at the OECD. She started at OECD as an environmental economist in 1997, and was head of their work on Climate Change, Biodiversity and Development from 2006-2010. She led the OECD work on fossil fuel subsidies and on climate finance and contributed to the 2012 G20 reports on green growth. She helped manage the 2001 and 2008 OECD Environmental Outlook reports, and worked on policy analysis ofmarket-based instruments. Her analysis on the economic crisis and green growth underpinned a 2009 OECD Declaration on Green Growth, adopted by Ministers of Finance and Economy.
Ian PARRY (UK), IMF – International Monetary Fund
ParryIan Parry leads the climate and environment work in the Fiscal Affairs Department of the IMF. Prior to joining the IMF in 2010, Parry was at Resources for the Future for 15 years, where he was first appointee to the Allen V. Kneese Chair in Environmental Economics. He holds a PhD in economics from the University of Chicago. Parry’s research focuses on analytical and spreadsheet models to quantify for different countries the economic impacts and efficient levels of a wide range of environmental, energy, and transportation policies. His work emphasizes the critical role of fiscal instruments to address externalities and raise revenue. Parry has published over 60 papers in professional journals and has written numerous other scholarly articles.
Teresa RIBERA (ES), Minister for the Ecological Transition of Spain
ribera teresaBefore her appointment in 2018 as Minister for the Ecological Transition of Spain, Teresa Ribera was the Director of the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI). Before that, Teresa Ribera was Senior Advisor on International Climate Policy at IDDRI. She held the position of Secretary of State for Climate Change in Spain’s Government from 2008 to 2011, being responsible for environment and climate policies. Between September 2012 and June 2013 she worked on the deployment of PV solutions in the renewable energy industry. Teresa Ribera graduated in Law, holds a diploma in constitutional law and political science of the Centro de Estudios Constitucionales (Spain) and belongs to the Cuerpo Superior de Administradores Civiles del Estado. Teresa chairs the Advisory Board of the Momentum for Change UNFCCC Initiative, is a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Advisory Council on Climate in the World Economic Forum, and is also a member of Global Leadership Council of the UN’s Sustainable Development Solutions Network.
Claudia Dias SOARES (PT), Catholic University of Portugal
Claudia Dias SoaresClaudia Dias Soares is Professor of tax law at the Portuguese Catholic University and a qualified lawyer by the Portuguese Bar Association. She has served as expert in projects run by international organizations, such as the European Commission (inter alia as member of the Group ad Hoc on ‘Environmentally Harmful Subsidies’, High Level Group on Competitiveness, Energy and the Environment, European Commission, 2007) and the European Environmental Agency, as well as established think-tanks (e.g. the Institute for European Environmental Policy and the Malta Legal Forum). She has taken part in legislative processes related to regulation and tax reforms in Portugal, where she has been member of several ministerial commissions, including the 2014 Green Tax Reform Commission. In 2014 she acted as invited expert for the European Semester (European Union).
Thomas STERNER (SE), University of Gothenburg
Thomas Sterner is a Professor of Environmental Economics and he has built up the Unit for Environmental Economics as a leading European centre that gives a unique PhD program in climate economics with students from developing countries. He is the recipient of the Myrdal Prize, past president for the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists and Associate Editor of Environmental and Resource Economics as well as a Fellow or researcher at Resources for the Future, The Beijer Institute and Statistics Norway. With Gunnar Köhlin, he has founded the Environment for Development and has recently been elected as a guest professor at the Collège de France for 2015-16.
Sarianne TIKKANEN (FI), Finnish Environment Institute

Sarianne Tikkanen is a researcher at the Finnish Environment Institute. Her research focuses on policy instruments, including environmental taxation and tax reform to promote the circular economy. Sarianne has an MSc in Sociology and Environmental Policy from the University of Helsinki, and is currently finalising her PHD dissertation on green tax reform at the University of Eastern Finland. In addition she has contributed to several reports and analysis about green taxes and environmental fiscal form in the EU and Finland.

Kazuhiro UETA (JP), Kyoto University
Kazuhiro Ueta is a Professor at the Graduate School of Economics at Kyoto University, where he specializes in public finance and environmental economics. He received a doctorate in engineering from Osaka University and in economics from Kyoto University and served as a visiting professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science and University College Dublin. His is author of Kokumin no tame no enerugī genron (Energy Principles that Benefit Citizens), Kankyō to keizai o kangaeru (Pondering the Environment and Economy) and Environmental Taxation and Green Fiscal Reform: Theory and Impact (Critical Issues in Environmental Taxation Series), among many other publications.
Hans VOS (NL), Consultant
Hans VosHans Vos has been trained and has worked as an environmental economist for over 35 years. His career included positions in the private and public sector, and in the academic world. He has been a researcher and adviser to the Dutch government, European Union bodies, the OECD and to non-governmental organisations. His work includes subjects such as economic evaluations of environmental changes, environmental-economic aspects of the transport and waste sectors, and of biodiversity, benefit transfer, integrated environmental assessments, and the use of market-based instruments to fight pollution and to enhance sustainable development. Hans co-authored the first comprehensive inventory and assessment of market-based instruments applied in OECD member countries, Economic Instruments for Environmental Protection (1986). Hans retired from the European Environmental Agency in 2010.
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