Towards a Sustainability-Oriented Energy Union

Towards a Sustainability-Oriented Energy Union

Towards a sustainability-oriented Energy Union Green Budget Europe, CEE Bankwatch and EEB assessment of the Energy Union Country factsheets Since 2015 the European Commission has been working towards integrated continent-wide low-carbon policies and an energy system that aims to support a fundamental transformation of the EU energy system. The Energy Union Strategy as one of the 10 key priorities for the current European Commission aims to provide “secure, sustainable, competitive […]

From Challenge to Opportunity:  Assessment of Country Reports and proposals for Country-Specific Recommendations in support of the European Semester Cycle

From Challenge to Opportunity: Assessment of Country Reports and proposals for Country-Specific Recommendations in support of the European Semester Cycle

2016 marked a turning point in the global policy agenda. The EU’s decision to fast-track the ratification of the Paris Agreement proved that Member States and the EU Commission can work together and show international leadership. The EU and its Member States are committed to keeping temperature rises to “well below” 2°C and to pursue efforts to limit increases to 1.5°C by cutting greenhouse gas emissions to net zero in […]

Green taxes as a means of financing the EU budget: policy options

Green taxes as a means of financing the EU budget: policy options

This study commissioned by Helga Trüpel, Member of the Greens/EFA Group in the European Parliament, analyses four promising ecological revenue sources for the EU budget.           Drawing on a brief overview of the current Union budget, its shortcomings and its reform process, we assess the following options: revenues derived from road fuel taxes, carbon taxes, energy taxes, and fines imposed by the Court of Justice of […]

Tackling air pollution from diesel cars through tax: options for the UK

Tackling air pollution from diesel cars through tax: options for the UK

A new report by UCL’s Institute for Sustainable Resources for Green Budget Europe outlines options for fiscal reform. Each year an estimated 40,000-52,500 premature deaths result from outdoor air pollution in the UK. A primary component of air pollution is nitrogen oxides (NOx) from various sources, but particularly from road transport, with diesel cars a significant contributor. Tax instruments hold a number of benefits to complement the existing policy landscape. […]

The effectiveness of the European Semester from a governance perspective

The effectiveness of the European Semester from a governance perspective

The aim of this paper is to explain the European Semester, to analyse its governance abilities and to develop and propose messages on how to advocate for the inclusion of low-carbon objectives related to climate and energy policy, as well as the enforcement of the Circular Economy Package. The Semester, theoretically, offers an opportunity for persistent and diligent monitoring to bring the EU on track towards the achievement of its […]

2016 Country-Specific Recommendations in support of the European Semester process

2016 Country-Specific Recommendations in support of the European Semester process

Green Budget Europe, in collaboration with CEE BankWatch, EEB and WWF, publishes a set of Country-Specific Recommendations to be implemented in the 2016 European Semester process. Taking stock of the first year of the “streamlined” EU Semester approach, we conclude that the European Semester should be further reformed to become an effective governance and enforcement mechanism that can ensure coherence between national fiscal policies and overarching sustainable development objectives. The sixth cycle of […]

2015 Country-Specific Recommendations in support of the European Semester process

2015 Country-Specific Recommendations in support of the European Semester process

Given the high potential benefits of Environmental Fiscal Reform and better EU spending by Member States to achieve the Europe 2020 Strategy targets and foster innovative low carbon investments for sustainable economies, we urge the Commission and the Member States to strongly embed in the European Semester process and reflect in Country-Specific Recommendations: To phase-out all market-distorting environmentally harmful subsidies as soon as possible and by 2020 at the latest; To […]