What future for diesel cars?

What future for diesel cars?

It is often suggested that diesel cars have a useful role in reducing climate emissions, particularly in the wake of the Volkswagen scandal. This position, strongly promoted by many in the car industry, and accepted by much of the public, underpinned lower taxes and weaker air pollution standards for diesel fuel and diesel cars, contributing to a boom in diesel car sales. Diesel accounted for 53% of new car sales […]

2016 Country-Specific Recommendations in support of the European Semester process

2016 Country-Specific Recommendations in support of the European Semester process

Green Budget Europe, in collaboration with CEE BankWatch, EEB and WWF, publishes a set of Country-Specific Recommendations to be implemented in the 2016 European Semester process. Taking stock of the first year of the “streamlined” EU Semester approach, we conclude that the European Semester should be further reformed to become an effective governance and enforcement mechanism that can ensure coherence between national fiscal policies and overarching sustainable development objectives. The sixth cycle of […]

Environmental Fiscal Reform in Europe: Sustainable prosperity, growth and jobs

Environmental Fiscal Reform in Europe: Sustainable prosperity, growth and jobs

The European Union is at a crossroads, its model of social market economy under threat. The European economy will go through a fundamental transition in the coming years as it responds to the challenges it currently faces. High budget deficits, average 3% of GDP, but 14 countries with much higher rates Rising government debt-to-GDP ratios, average 87% in the EU-28 Slow GDP growth, averaging 1.4 High youth unemployment – 21% in […]

Environmental Fiscal Reform in Spain

Environmental Fiscal Reform in Spain

Green Budget Europe, in collaboration with Climate Strategy & Partners in Madrid, calls for the implementation of Environmental Fiscal Reform in Spain. This paper outlines the potential benefits, in terms of both fiscal consolidation and environmental protection, of a greener Spanish economy that is based on emission reductions and energy efficiency. Download (in Spanish)

How to cut diesel tax competition in the EU by adopting the US/Canada IFTA model

How to cut diesel tax competition in the EU by adopting the US/Canada IFTA model

A fuel tax agreement operates in the US and Canada which is known as the International Fuel Tax Agreement, or IFTA. Under the IFTA, truck operators (hauliers) record distance travelled and fuel consumed within each state/province (jurisdiction). Tax paid where fuel is purchased is later reconciled against actual use. Thanks to this reconciliation process, hauliers obtain a rebate from some jurisdictions and pay additional taxes to others. Significant differences in […]

2015 Country-Specific Recommendations in support of the European Semester process

2015 Country-Specific Recommendations in support of the European Semester process

Given the high potential benefits of Environmental Fiscal Reform and better EU spending by Member States to achieve the Europe 2020 Strategy targets and foster innovative low carbon investments for sustainable economies, we urge the Commission and the Member States to strongly embed in the European Semester process and reflect in Country-Specific Recommendations: To phase-out all market-distorting environmentally harmful subsidies as soon as possible and by 2020 at the latest; To […]

Environmental taxation without damaging competitiveness

Environmental taxation without damaging competitiveness

Environmental taxes raise tax revenues, increase energy efficiency and reduce emissions and environmental damage. However, many countries are reluctant to implement them, fearing negative impacts on competitiveness. Here we present the lessons learned from Denmark. Denmark is one of the most energy efficient economies in the world. In 1996, it became one of the first countries in Europe to introduce a CO2-tax on top of existing energy taxes and to […]

Successful environmental taxes in Denmark

Successful environmental taxes in Denmark

This note is a presentation of some of the most successful environmental taxes. We have chosen a mix of different kind of taxes: water taxes, one of the energy taxes (carbon tax), taxes on PVC with phthalates, waste taxation, car taxes, etc. Download

Environmental Fiscal Reform in Europe between 1990 and 2003

Environmental Fiscal Reform in Europe between 1990 and 2003

This paper by Chris Hewett and Paul Ekins is a review of the many different efforts across Europe, since the early 1990s to the pre-sent day, to implement EFR. It draws on the numerous academic studies as well as the practical experience of countries such as Sweden, Denmark, Germany, The Netherlands, UK and Ireland. The concept of environmental fiscal reform (EFR), sometimes referred to as ecological fiscal reform, or green fiscal reform […]

Fact sheet: Tax on pesticides

Fact sheet: Tax on pesticides

According to the Pesticide Strategy 2013-2015, the goal is to prevent continued increases in the use of pesticides, and to reduce the pesticides’ negative effects on human health, nature and groundwater. The overall goal of the Danish Government is to reduce the pesticide load by 40% by 2015 compared with the load level of 2011. The main reasons for reducing the pesticide use are to ensure a clean environment, good ecological conditions in nature, healthy food, better health and safety […]